Nucleic acids. Nucleic acids are biomolecules that store and transmit genetic information in living organisms. They are made up of nucleotides, which are composed of a sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base. There are two types of nucleic acids: deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA). DNA is the genetic material that carries the instructions for the development and function of all living organisms, while RNA plays a crucial role in protein synthesis. Nucleic acids are essential for life and have numerous applications in biotechnology, medicine, and research.
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